General Geography Quiz MCQS With Answers for CSS PPSC PMS and NTS Preparation

Top 100 Important General Geography Quiz MCQs for Test Preparation

  1. The leading producer of silver is

(a) U.S.A.

(b) Russia

(c) South Africa

(d) Mexico

  1. The highest grade of coal whose surface is shining and has the highest calorific value, is

(a) Lignite

(b) Peat

(c) Bituminous

(d) Anthracite

  1. If a place is located at 20° N, 80° E, in which of the following continents does it lie?

(a) Africa

(b) Asia

(c) Europe

(d) North America

  1. Which one of the following is a Great Circle?

(a) The Arctic Circle

(b) The Tropic of Cancer

(c) The Equator

(d) The Tropic of Capricorn

  1. Which of the following is the region of winter rainfall?

(a) Mediterranean

(c) Arctic

(b) Tropical

(d) Monsoon

  1. Availability of ample water is one of the important consideration in the location of

(a) Cotton textile industry
(b) Paper industry
(c) Electronic industry
(d) Automobile industry

  1. Soil formed by deposition of silt brought by rivers is

(a) Alluvial soil
(b) Red soil
(d) Podsols
(c) Black soil

  1. Which of the following statements about the ozone layer is correct? (a) It converts UV radiations into electrical energy

(b) It protects the earth’s life forms by preventing

the damaging UV radiations from reaching earth’s surface

(c) It is of uniform thickness
(d) None of the above

  1. High tides at antipodes are caused due to

(a) Gravitational pull of the moon and the sun

(b) Gravitational pull of the sun

(c) Centrifugal, centripetal and gravitational pull of the sun
(d) Centrifugal, centripetal and gravitational pull of the sun and the moon

  1. Which of the following types of rainfall is typical of equatorial regions?

(a) Convectional
(b) Orographic
(c) Cyclonic
(d) None of these

  1. Change in season is caused due to

(a) Revolution of earth

(b) Rotation of earth

(c) Inclination of earth

(d) None of these

112.Winds generally blow from areas of

(a) Low pressure to that of high pressure
(b) High pressure to that of low pressure
(c) High pressure to that of moderate pressure
(d) Low pressure to that of moderate pressure

  1. Which of the following soils is best suited for deep rooted crops?

(a) Red soil

(b) Black soil

(c) Laterite soil
(d) Alluvial soil

  1. The imaginary line on the earth’s surface which closely follows the 180° meridian, is called

(a) International Date Line
(b) Tropic of Cancer
(c) Equator
(d) Prime meridian

  1. Which of the following countries has the largest area in the world?

(a) Canada
(b) nina
(c) U.S.A.
(d Russia

  1. Which of the following climatic types is said to be characterised by Three Eighties: 80°F
    of temperature, 80 percent of humidity and 80 inches of rainfall?

(a) Monsoon climate
(b) Equatorial climate
(c) Mediterranean climate
(d) Temperate climate

  1. When it is 8 p.m. in Tokyo, what is the time at the Panama Canal which is located at 180° W of it ?

(a) 4.00 p.m.
(b) 8.00 a.m.
(c) 12.00a.m.
(d) 12.00 noon

  1. Evergreen forests are found
    (a) In the estuaries of great rivers
    (b) In the Himalayas above 3,000 ft. elevation
    (c) Where the rainfall is between 30° to 40°
    (d) Where the rainfall is between 80⁰ and 120
  2. Which of the following is a Kharif crop?

(a) Wheat

(b) Rice
(c) Gram
(d) Mustard

  1. Hail storm occurs in summer season due to the formation of clouds called

(a) Cirrus
(b) Cumulus
(c) Cumulonimbus
(d) Cirrocumulus

  1. The seasonal reversal of winds is a phenomenon noticed in

(a) Monsoon climate
(b) Mediterranean climate
(c) Equatorial climate
(d) Highlands

  1. Roaring Forties’ are
    (a) Cyclonic westerly winds in northern hemisphere

(b) Spring tides
(c) Ocean current in northern hemisphere
(d) Steady north westerly anti-trade winds in southern, hemisphere

  1. Humidity in the air is maximum in

(a) Winter
(b) Summer
(c) Monsoon
(d) Autumn

  1. Sandstones belong to

(a) Argillaceous rocks
(b) Calcareous rocks
(c ) Carbonaceous rocks
(d) Arenaceous rocks

  1. The lunar eclipse occurs when

(a) Moon is between the earth and the sun
(b) Earth is between the sun and the moon
(c) Sun is between the earth and the moon
(d) Earth is at right angles to the direction of the sun and the moon

  1. The high yielding varieties of crops possess which of the following characters?
  2. Ability to trap more solar energy.
  3. Ability to utilise nutrients
  4. High harvest index
  5. Ability to use less water

(a) 1, 2 and 4
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 3

  1. Contour is a measure of (a) Topography
    (b) Rainfall
    (c) Temperature
    (d) Pressure
  2. Latitude of south pole is

(a) 0°
(b) 30°
(c) 60
(d) 90⁰

  1. There is a severe difference in the climates of Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Why?

(a) Due to rotation of earth around its axis
(b) Due to revolution of earth around the sun on its orbit
(c) Both of the above
(d) None of the above

  1. The area associated with the greatest frequency of earthquakes is

(a) Eastern coastal areas of Asia
(b) Northern Coastal areas of Eurasia
(c) West coast of North and South Americas
(d) Western coastal areas of Africa

  1. ‘Cloud burst’ means

(a) Formation of artificial rain
(b) Presence of scattered flakes of cloud in the sky
(c) Sowing of seeds of a crop in a cloudy weather
(d) Abnormally heavy downpour of rain, associated with a thunderstorm

  1. Which one of the following is an ore of iron?

(a) Bauxite
(b) Haematite
(c) Ilmenite
(d) Gypsum

  1. Which one of the following is correct?

(a) All longitudes are not great circles
(b) All longitudes and equator are great circles
(c) All latitudes and Greenwich meridian are great circles
(d) All latitudes and longitudes are great circles

  1. The rocks which are formed by direct cooling and solidification of magma are called

(a) Sedimentary rocks
(b) derivative rocks
(c)Igneous rock
(d) Metamorphic rocks

  1. Which of the following is correct in respect of the mediterranean type of climate ?
    Warm winter
    Cold and dry summers
    (c ) warm and dry summers and cold and wet winters
    (d) warm and wet summers and cold and dry winters
  2. The shortest day in Northern Hemisphere is

(a) 25 December
(b) 22 December
(c) 15 June
(d) 22 June

  1. Vasco da Gama discovered the sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope in

(a) 1494
(b) 1498
(c) 1502
(d) 1506

  1. The earth revolves around the sun by approx

(a) 5° per day
(b) 2° per day
(c) 1° per day
(d) 3° per day

  1. One degree of longitude on the equator is equal to a distance of

(a) 96 km
(b) 80 km
(c) 55 km
(d) 112 km

  1. Which of the following countries has longest land frontiers?

(a) Burma
(b) Russia
(c ) china
(d) Laos

  1. Which of the following is not a Scandinavian country?

(a) Denmark
(b) Belgium
(c) Norway
(d) None of these

  1. The process by which water and wind wear down the rocks is called

(a) Erosion
(b) Cosrision
(c) Derosion
(d) None of them

  1. The belt of low atmospheric pressure on either side of the equator are called

(a) Doldrums
(b) Westerlies
(c) Latitudes
(d) Easterlies

  1. When the earth reaches its perihelion, then in its orbit

(a) It is nearest to the sun

(c) It is between the sun and moon
(b) It is farthest from the sun
(d) None of the above

  1. What is the duration of a day at the poles?

(a) 3 months
(b) 6 months
(c) 9 months
(d) 12 months

  1. Biosphere is
    (a) The core of the earth which is about 150 kms below earth
    (b) The part of the earth’s surface where human beings live
    (c) The part of the earth’s water and atmosphere where plants and animals can subsist
    (d) None of these
  2. Coniferous forests are found in a region having
    (a) Low mean annual temperature throughout the year and long cold winter
    (b) Low rainfall and very low temperature throughout the year
    (c) High humidity and high temperature throughout the year
    (d) None of the above
  3. Imaginary lines drawn on a global map, from pole to pole and perpendicular to the equator, are called
    (a) Contours
    (b) Isobars
    (c) Meridians
    (d) Steppes
  4. Which of the following countries is known as the Land of Midnight Sun?

(a) Belgium)
(b) Holland
(c) Norway
(d) Sweden

  1. Asia accounts for nearly……. world population.

(a) 40%
(b) 45%
(c) 60%
(d) 70%

  1. The longest river is located in

(a) Asia
(b) Africa
(c) Latin America
(d) North America

152 Broadly, there are three layers of the earth – the crust, the mantle and the core. The crust forms what percentage of the total volume of the earth?

(a) 0.5 per cent
(b) 2.5 per cent
(c) 10.5 per cent
(d) 16.0 per cent

  1. The land-mass of which of the following continents is the least? (a) Africa
    (b) Asia
    (c ) australia
    (d) Europe
  2. A nautical mile is equal to

(a) 1,005 metres

(b) 1.250 metres

(c) 1,575 metres
(d) 1,852 metres

  1. A violent whirlwind characterised by a black funnel-shaped cloud hanging from heavy is known by the name of

(a) Antipodes
(b) Hurricane
(c) Tomado
(d) Typhoon

  1. Atmospheric temperature increases higher altitudes due to

(a) Conduction
(b) Convection
(c) Inversion
(d) Radiation

  1. Which of the following crops needs maximum water per hectare?

(a) Barley
(b) Maize
(c) Sugarcane
(d) Wheat

  1. The polar diameter of the earth is shorter than the equatorial diameter by

(a) 25 km
(b) 60 km
(c) 43 km
(d) 95 km

  1. Earth completes one rotation on its axis in

(a) 23 hours and 30 minutes
(b) 23 hours 56 minutes and 4.9 seconds
(c) 24 hours
(d) 24 hours 1 minute and 10 seconds

  1. The Earth rotates on its axis from

(a) East to West
(b) West to East
(c) North to South
(d) South to North

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